Confused by the wide world of cannabis products? You’re not alone. With more states legalizing marijuana, there’s a dizzying array of choices now on shelves.  

This guide cuts through the haze, offering clear descriptions for everything from flowers to edibles and topicals. 

Understanding Cannabis and its Components 

Cannabis contains various chemical substances, including different intoxicating cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. Understanding the differences between Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica can help users choose the right products for their needs. 

Chemical Substances in Cannabis 

Cannabis plants contain over a hundred different chemical substances known as cannabinoids. The most well-known of these are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). THC is the main psychoactive component, giving users a “high”, while CBD is non-intoxicating, often associated with therapeutic benefits. 

Scientists have also identified other lesser-known compounds such as CBG (cannabigerol) and CBN (cannabinol). These contribute to the plant’s effects in more subtle ways. Terpenes, which provide flavor and aroma, play significant roles too, enhancing the overall experience through what’s called the entourage effect. 

Different Intoxicating Cannabinoids 

Understanding the variety of intoxicating cannabinoids in cannabis is crucial for consumers to make informed choices. These chemical compounds contribute to the plant’s effects on the human body. Below is a table summarizing some of the key intoxicating cannabinoids found in cannabis: 

Cannabinoid  Effects  Notes 
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol)  Euphoria, relaxation, altered sensory perception  Main psychoactive component responsible for the ‘high’ 
CBD (Cannabidiol)  Anxiety relief, anti-inflammatory, no intoxicating effect  Often used for medicinal purposes without psychoactive results 
CBN (Cannabinol)  Sedation, pain relief  Typically found in aged cannabis, mild psychoactivity 
THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)  Appetite suppressant, energy boost  Similar to THC but with different effects, less psychoactive 
Delta-8 THC  Milder high, relaxation, pain relief  Less potent than Delta-9 THC, found in smaller quantities 
CBG (Cannabigerol)  Anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective  Non-intoxicating, considered a minor cannabinoid 

These cannabinoids represent just a fraction of the compounds found in cannabis, each contributing uniquely to the plant’s overall effects. 

Cannabis Sativa vs Indica 

Cannabis Sativa and Indica are the two main species of cannabis plants. Sativa plants are tall with narrow leaves, while Indica plants are shorter and bushier with wider leaves. Sativa strains typically produce a more uplifting and energizing effect, whereas Indica strains tend to be more relaxing and sedating. 

Each strain has its unique blend of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds that contribute to their distinct effects on the body. 

Sativa varieties often contain higher levels of THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis, which makes them popular for daytime use. On the other hand, Indica strains may have higher concentrations of CBD, known for its potential calming and pain-relieving properties. 

Different Types of Cannabis Products 

In this section, we will explore the various types of cannabis products available in the market, including flower, concentrates, edibles, topicals, tinctures, vape products, oral products, transdermals, and hardware. 

Each product offers a unique experience and method of consumption for individuals seeking to incorporate cannabis into their wellness or recreational routines. 


Cannabis flower refers to the buds of the cannabis plant, which can be smoked or vaporized for their intoxicating and therapeutic effects. These flowers contain various cannabinoids, including THC and CBD, along with aromatic compounds called terpenes, which contribute to the distinct flavors and scents of different strains. 

Cannabis flower is available in a wide range of strains, each with its own unique combination of cannabinoids and terpenes that produce specific effects such as relaxation, euphoria, or pain relief. 

Consumers can choose from indica-dominant, sativa-dominant, or hybrid cannabis flower based on their desired experience. The potency and effects of each strain can vary widely depending on factors such as cultivation methods and growing conditions. 


Concentrates are potent forms of cannabis that have been processed to contain high levels of cannabinoids. They come in various forms such as concentrated extracts, loose trichomes, and pressed resin. 

These products offer a more intense experience due to their highly concentrated nature. Concentrates can be consumed in several ways including vaping, dabbing, or adding them to flower for an extra kick. 

Exploring the world of concentrates opens up a whole new realm of marijuana products beyond the traditional flower consumption. Understanding the different types and methods of consuming concentrates can enhance your overall cannabis experience while providing diverse options for customization and potency. 


Edibles offer a discreet and convenient way to consume cannabis. They come in various forms, such as gummies, chocolates, baked goods, and beverages. Consumers can choose from a wide range of flavors and dosages when using cannabis edibles. 

These products are created by infusing cannabinoids into food or drinks, providing an alternative for those who prefer not to smoke or vape their cannabis. 

Using edibles allows for longer-lasting effects compared to other consumption methods. The body metabolizes ingested cannabinoids differently than when inhaled, resulting in a more gradual onset of effects that can last several hours. 


Transitioning from consumable cannabis products like edibles, topicals offer a different approach to cannabinoid delivery. These products are designed to be applied directly to the skin and include lotions, salves, and balms infused with cannabis extracts or oils. 

Topicals are popular for their potential soothing effects on muscles and joints without producing any psychoactive effects. They are also used for skincare, providing a natural alternative for addressing issues such as inflammation, pain relief, and localized skin conditions. 

Crafted in various forms and potencies, cannabis topicals provide users with an alternative way to experience the potential benefits of cannabinoids without having to worry about inhaling or ingesting them. 


Tinctures are concentrated liquid extracts of cannabis that are typically made by soaking decarboxylated cannabis flower in high-proof alcohol. The alcohol helps draw out the cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant material, resulting in a potent and versatile product. 

Tinctures can be taken sublingually for fast-acting effects or added to food and drinks for a discreet way to consume cannabis. 

These versatile products offer precise dosing control, making them suitable for those who want to manage their cannabis intake accurately. Additionally, tinctures come in various cannabinoid profiles and flavors, providing consumers with options tailored to their preferences. 

Vape Products 

Vape products involve inhaling vaporized cannabis oil or distillate through a vape pen or vaporizer. These devices heat the oil to a temperature that releases therapeutic cannabinoids and terpenes without producing smoke. 

Vape products are discreet, convenient, and offer quick relief for medicinal users. They come in various forms, including disposable vape pens and refillable cartridges that allow users to experiment with different strains and flavors of cannabis oils. 

Cannabis vapes have gained popularity due to their portability and ease of use. Users can enjoy the benefits of cannabis without the harmful effects of smoking. However, it’s essential to use quality-tested vape products from reputable sources to ensure safety and efficacy. 

Oral Products 

Oral products are a popular way to consume cannabis, offering discreet and convenient dosing for users. Cannabis tinctures, for example, are liquid extracts that can be administered sublingually or added to food and beverages. 

They provide a fast-acting and efficient method of consumption, allowing users to control their dosage with precision. 

Another type of oral product is cannabis edibles, which encompass a wide range of food and beverage items infused with cannabinoids. These include gummies, chocolates, baked goods, and beverages such as teas or sodas. 

Edibles provide a longer-lasting effect compared to other methods of consumption due to the way they are metabolized in the body. Exploring different types of oral products allows consumers to find the best method that suits their preferences and needs. 


Transdermals are cannabis-infused patches that deliver cannabinoids directly into the bloodstream through the skin. These patches provide a slow and consistent release of cannabinoids, offering long-lasting relief for various conditions such as chronic pain, inflammation, and anxiety. 

They are discreet and easy to use, making them a popular choice for those seeking a convenient and effective method of cannabis consumption. 

Moving on to the next topic, let’s delve into “Hardware” – another essential aspect of consuming different types of cannabis products. 


Hardware for consuming cannabis products includes devices such as vaporizers, rigs, and dabbers. These tools are specifically designed to facilitate the consumption of concentrates or extracts, providing a more potent experience compared to traditional smoking methods. 

Vaporizers heat the concentrate to a temperature that releases its active compounds without combusting the material, resulting in smoother inhalation. Dab rigs use a heated surface to vaporize the concentrate while maintaining flavor and potency. 

Additionally, dabbers are small tools used to handle concentrates when loading them into a rig or vaporizer. 


In conclusion, understanding the diversity of cannabis products empowers consumers to make informed choices. Exploring the various options like concentrates, edibles and tinctures can lead to finding the right product for individual needs. 

With different types of cannabis available, it’s possible to experience its benefits in a way that caters to specific preferences and lifestyles.